Web3 101: Understanding Stablecoins


Stability can be a rare quality when it comes to digital assets. What does one do when needing to avoid the extreme volatility of the crypto market? Is there a safe haven to catch your breath and preserve some of those gains made?

Enter stablecoins, a unique form of digital currency designed to maintain a steady value amidst the sometimes unpredictable world of crypto. This guide breaks down what stablecoins are, their significance, the different types available, and how they can be beneficial.

What Are StableCoins?

Stablecoins are a specialized kind of digital currency created to avoid the dramatic price swings often associated with traditional digital assets like Bitcoin, Ethereum, or NFTs. Unlike regular cryptocurrencies, stablecoins tie their value to external references, such as traditional fiat currencies (like the U.S. dollar), commodities such as gold, or specific algorithms.

Types Of StableCoins


Fiat-Collateralized Stablecoins: Examples include Tether (USDT) and USDC (USDC). They are pegged to traditional fiat currencies, with reserves held to back their value, often in the U.S. dollar. Their stability is maintained by independent custodians who regularly audit them.

Crypto-Collateralized Stablecoins: An example is Dai (DAI). Backed by other cryptocurrencies, these stablecoins are usually overcollateralized to account for price fluctuations. Smart contracts manage the collateral and issuance to maintain stability.

Algorithmic Stablecoins: Examples include Tether Gold (XAUt) and Paxos Gold (PAXG). These stablecoins are tied to physical assets like gold, with their value linked to the price of the underlying commodity.

Which Are the most Popular?

Determining the best stablecoin is subjective. However, Tether (USDT), pegged to the U.S. dollar at a 1:1 ratio, holds the title of the most widely used stablecoin, with a marketcap exceeding $89 billion. USDC is the next in line, with a marketcap of around $24 billion.

What Can You Do with StableCoins?

Stablecoins offer various use cases:

  • Minimize Volatility: Ideal for those seeking a more stable value compared to volatile assets like Bitcoin.
  • Trade or Save Assets: Easily transferable and tradable, offering a stable store of value.
  • Earn Rewards: Opportunities for returns compared to traditional bank savings.
  • Transfer Money Cheaply: Low transaction fees make stablecoins an attractive option for moving funds globally.
  • Send Internationally: Fast processing and low fees make stablecoins a practical choice for cross-border transactions.

Moreover, real-life situations for using stablecoins are popping up all the time, like paying for goods and services, as evidenced below:

Final Thoughts

Stablecoins are key players in the crypto scene, offering a reliable and flexible way to exchange value. If you’re new to the crypto world, it’s smart to get the hang of stablecoins. They serve as a practical and consistent option for converting your crypto into something you can easily use.

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